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Return to Education & Careers > Career Resources > Become a Midwife > Are CNMs and CMs legally recognized?

Legal Recognition

Laws and regulations governing the practice of midwifery are rapidly changing. Certified Nurse-Midwives (CNMs) and Certified Midwives (CMs) are regulated on the state level, thus professional practice and interaction with other health care professionals, such as physicians, can vary from state to state. CNMs are legally recognized to practice in every state in the US and in the District of Columbia. CMs are currently legally recognized to practice in New York, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Delaware, Maine and Missouri.

For individual state statutes and regulations, check with the regulatory agency in each state. For CNM practice, this is usually the state board of nursing, but also may be the board of medicine, the board of midwifery, or the state department of health or public health.  For CMs it can be the Board of Midwifery, the Board of Medicine, or the Department of Health.

Visit the State Resource Center for information about state laws and regulations.

Updated September 2016

American College of Nurse-Midwives.
8403 Colesville Rd, Suite 1550 | Silver Spring MD 20910
Phone: 240-485-1800 | Fax: 240-485-1818
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